Velvet Fortress, known as Kadifekale in Turkish, is situated on Mount Pagos, 155 metres above sea level and 3 kilometres away from downtown Izmir. From here, one can enjoy a spectacular view of the port and the wider city. It is believed to have been built in the 3rd century BC by one of Alexander the Great’s generals, after he was instructed to do so in a dream by pagan gods. Alexander’s intention was to rebuild Smyrna, which was located on Tepekule Hill, in order to compete with other prominent port cities of the time such as Ephesus, Pergamum and Rhodes. After the castle was built, Smyrna started to expand towards the gulf.

Smyrna became one of the most powerful port cities of Asia Minor after its second establishment, particularly during the Roman period. However, the Velvet Castle was severely damaged by Tamerlane’s troops in the Middle Ages, and its final destruction came in 1668 when a massive earthquake struck the castle and its beautiful temples. The only remaining elements visible today are the western walls and five towers in the southern part. The exterior has been completely destroyed. Recent research has revealed that the long and deep cistern, with its terracotta pipes, was used to store rainwater in winter and deliver it to homes on the hill. This cistern and water reservoir in the castle were the main source of the city’s water supply system.

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A research team from the University of Izmir has recently discovered a sacred tunnel connecting the Velvet Castle to the Agora. It is said that the tunnel was built during the Roman period to transport water, which still flows down from the fortress to the Agora. Some of the ruins around the castle have already been restored, making the area an attractive destination for visitors.
The castle is also home to a number of ancient artifacts, including artifacts from the Assyrian, Chaldean and Hittite civilizations, as well as a large number of Hellenistic sculptures and statues. The castle also contains the remains of a Byzantine church and a number of ancient tombs. In recent years, the castle has become a popular tourist destination and is now included on many guided tours of Izmir. Visitors can take in the breathtaking views of the city from the castle walls, explore the ruins, and learn about the history of this ancient site.


Velvet Castle in Izmir, also known as Kadife Kale, is a must-see destination for any traveler! Located in the Izmir Province of Turkey, the Velvet Castle is an incredible testament to the city’s history and culture. The fortress was built over the centuries by different civilizations who left behind a rich and varied architectural heritage. The castle has long been a symbol of the city’s identity, and its impressive walls and towers have been standing for centuries.

The velvet castle is a unique combination of Byzantine, Roman, and Ottoman architecture, and its beauty lies in its intricate details. Its interior is decorated with beautiful frescoes, and its exterior is decorated with impressive columns, pavilions, and towers. The castle also has a beautiful garden, and its grounds are a popular spot for locals and tourists alike. The castle itself is a great place to explore, but it isn’t the only attraction in the area. Kadife Kale is located near the city’s waterfront, so visitors can enjoy a scenic walk along the shore.

There are also plenty of restaurants and cafes nearby, making it a great spot for a romantic dinner or a night out. For those looking to explore the area further, a visit to the nearby Kadife Kale Archaeological Park is a must. The park houses some of Turkey’s most important archaeological sites, including the ruins of the ancient city of Smyrna. The ruins are a fascinating insight into the city’s past and provide a great opportunity for visitors to learn more about the history of the area. If you’re looking for an unforgettable vacation spot, Velvet Castle of Izmir is an ideal destination.

From its stunning architecture to its cultural significance, this castle is a must-visit for anyone looking to explore the beauty and history of Turkey. At Tour Maker Turkey, we offer many different tours to the Velvet Castle of Izmir, designed to fit any budget or schedule. Our expert guides can provide you with an in-depth look at the castle’s history, as well as a comprehensive tour of the surrounding area. Whether you’re looking for a romantic getaway or an educational experience, we’re here to make sure you get the most out of your visit to this incredible castle. So, don’t wait any longer – book your tour to the Velvet Castle Izmir today with Tour Maker Turkey and make lasting memories!