The Red Court, or Red Hall, is located approximately one kilometer from the center of Bergama on the way to Acropolis, offering a spectacular view from the upper town. The Red Hall is a unique structure, featuring two symmetrical circular towers placed on either side of the basilica.

The sanctuary is popularly known as “Red Court” among the local inhabitants of Bergama due to its red bricks, and it has a large front courtyard enclosed by tall walls. It is believed that the interior was surrounded by colonnades. The temple has three grand gates, the main entrance being on the western side of the courtyard, which still stands today.

Due to the reverence given to the Egyptian Gods by the Romans, a temple was constructed at the principal centre of the city of Pergamum. To facilitate integration into the courtyard of the temple, which is still in use today, water tunnels were constructed along the Selinos River to irrigate the fields for crop cultivation.


The rear part of the cult statue of the half-light window had no windows in order to keep the sacred space lit only by the front windows. Secret passageways were located around the sides of buildings and courtyards, running beneath the stairs. It is said that the temple priest made suggestions to the listeners in the courtyard, coming from the gateway of rose to the head of the cult statue in the name of the Egyptian god Serapis. According to data from the temple cult and art history, the temple probably was built in the 2nd century AD during the reign of Emperor Hadrian, and was dedicated to the Egyptian gods Isis and Serapis.

It is believed that the Red Hall was the home of the Pergamon Church mentioned in the Book of Revelation. When John the Evangelist paid a visit to Pergamon as the third of the seven churches of Gospel, there was no permanent church building in the town due to restrictions, but later Christianity became a free religion of the Roman Empire and the Red Hall became the main church used for believers in the name of Christ.

Some historians call this building “Little Hagia Sophia” due to its symmetrical towers, which are a testament to the monumental work’s glory. One of the towers was later converted into a mosque in the Ottoman period and is in better condition than the other. The ruined tower was used as a prison during the Ottoman Empire. The Red Hall is one of Bergama’s cultural heritage edifices, visited by millions of visitors each year.


Bergama Red Hall is a place of great historical significance and a must-see for anyone interested in exploring the past. From its imposing towers to its intricate architecture, the Red Hall will take your breath away. With its unique blend of Egyptian, Roman, and Ottoman influences, this destination will provide you with a unique glimpse into the history of the region. The Red Hall is also home to some of the most impressive archaeological remains in Turkey. Its intricate mosaics and statues will leave you in awe.

You can also explore the ruins of the ancient Pergamon Church, mentioned in the Book of Revelation. At Tour Maker Turkey, we offer guided tours to the Bergama Red Hall. Our knowledgeable and experienced tour guides will help you to make the most of your visit, offering an in-depth look at the history and culture of the region. Whether you’re a history buff or simply looking to explore somewhere new, a visit to the Bergama Red Hall is a must. Book your tour today and experience this world-famous destination for yourself!