The first official archaeological excavations began in 1900 and were led by Carl Humman Alexander Conze. These excavations, which took place at the Acropolis, resulted in the creation of a warehouse that served as the foundation of the modern museum. It was one of two archaeological artifacts in Turkey at the time. The excavations were interrupted during World War I and resumed under Theodor Wiegand’s direction in 1927. In addition to the Acropolis excavations, excavations at Asklepion began that same year, necessitating a new museum building.

Turkish authorities have decided to build a museum in Bergama to showcase the findings from the 1932 excavations. The museum was completed in 1936, serving as a model of cooperation between Turkey and Germany. The original museum building had galleries situated in a rectangular courtyard, and a rectangular exhibition hall located behind the courtyard. The museum has been expanded multiple times, with additional buildings being constructed in 1979 to display ethnographic artifacts alongside the archeological findings.

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The archaeological artifacts in the museum demonstrate different civilisations, from the Early Bronze Age to the Byzantine period, with most of the excavations having been made in and around Bergama. Terracotta potteries are displayed in the showcases in chronological order. Classical, Hellenistic and Roman terracotta oil lamps, glass artifacts, bronze artifacts, small finds, coins, and marble statues featuring windows are listed one by one in the Archaeological hall.

The Ethnography section of the Bergama Museum boasts a rich collection of artifacts that reflect the traditional social life and cultural values of the region. On display are folk costumes of the Turkmen nomadic tribes, Pergamum bride and casual clothing, excellent samples of Yuntdagi Kozak, Yagcibedir rugs and carpets, saddlebags, and household items, all of which help to understand the way of life in Bergama during the Selçuk and Ottoman Empires. Don’t miss the chance to admire the calligraphy and epigraphs written on endangered Ottoman tombstones with symbols, which constitute one of the cultural treasures of the Bergama region.


Bergama Museum is one of the most important archaeological museums in Turkey, as it houses a wealth of artifacts from different periods. The museum displays a wide range of artifacts from the Early Bronze Age up to the Byzantine period, showcasing the rich cultural heritage of the region. This museum is the ideal destination for those who want to explore the diverse history of Turkey and the surrounding region.

Museum of Pergamon is also the perfect place to learn about the history of the ancient city of Bergama. The museum houses numerous artifacts found in the city’s ruins, including sculptures, coins, pottery and other archaeological finds. Visitors can also explore the remains of the Asklepion, the ancient medical complex, which was once the most renowned healing center in the ancient world.

For those who want to explore the history and culture of Bergama, taking a tour with Tour Maker Turkey is the best way to do it. Our experienced guides will give you a comprehensive introduction to the city and its past, taking you through the ancient ruins and introducing you to the unique cultural heritage of Bergama. Don’t miss out on the opportunity to explore the Bergama Museum and immerse yourself in the rich history of the city. Book your tour now and experience the wonders of Bergama!