The Temple of Augustus, also known as Monumentum Ancyranum, is located in the Ulus district of Ankara, adjacent to the Hacı Bayram Mosque. It was built by King Pilamenes of Galatia between 25 and 20 B.C. as a symbol of loyalty to the Roman Emperor Augustus.
Originally, the Augustus Temple was dedicated to the Phrygian goddess of fertility and abundance, Cybele, and the god of the moon, Men. However, over time, the structure was damaged and fell into disrepair.
During the Roman (Byzantine) period, various additions were made to the temple, including the conversion of the building into a Christian church. Three magnificent windows were built around the temple, and an abscissa was added by demolishing the wall between the middle and back rooms.
Centuries later, during the Ottoman era, Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, an ambassador sent by the Austrian Emperor Ferdinand I to Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, discovered the ruins of the once-glorious temple in 1555.
Excavations were conducted between 1926 and 1930 by M. Krecker and Dr. Hamit Zubeyr Koşay, revealing the full architectural structure of this breathtaking building. In 1972, the magnificent Temple was registered as a Grade 1 cultural asset in Turkey.
The marble Temple, with dimensions of 36 by 54.82 meters, was constructed on a multi-stage platform that rises 2 meters high. The architectural style of some sections of the temple reflects the Bergamo style of the Phrygian era. The rectangular plan of the structure is supported by a total of 46 specially-designed Corinthian columns. The west-facing façade is adorned with 8 Ionic pillars on the short side and 15 on the long side. An entryway featuring four columns is located in front of the naos (the old sanctuary), while the opisthodomos (a smaller room) is situated at the back of the temple, supported by two pillars. The doors and walls of the shrine are decorated with mouldings and a frieze with leafy and convoluted branches.
Additionally, an important historical document, known as the “Res Gestae Divi Augusti” or “Index Rerum Gestarum,” was inscribed on the wall of the temple. The testament belonged to Emperor Augustus and was written in both Latin and Greek. It details various military and political events of the time. The original inscription is currently housed in the Rome Temple.
If you’re planning to visit Ankara, the Temple of Augustus is a must-see attraction. As one of the city’s most important cultural assets, this ancient temple boasts a rich history and stunning architectural details that are sure to leave a lasting impression.
At Tour Maker Turkey, we offer a variety of tours to this incredible site, all designed to provide you with an unforgettable experience. Our expert guides will lead you through the temple’s impressive columns and awe-inspiring architecture, sharing their extensive knowledge of the structure’s history and cultural significance.
Whether you’re interested in exploring the temple’s religious roots or simply want to marvel at its impressive construction, our tours are the perfect way to immerse yourself in this ancient world. And with options for every budget and schedule, we make it easy for you to choose the perfect tour for your needs.
So what are you waiting for? Book your tour to the Temple of Augustus with Tour Maker Turkey today and discover the fascinating history and incredible beauty of this ancient wonder. Our tours are sure to provide you with a memorable experience that will stay with you for years to come.